Casais homoafetivos realizam sonho de ter filhos biológicos através da reprodução assistida

Laboratório de Reprodução Assistida. Foto: Saulo Brandão

O desejo humano de constituir família e ter filhos independe de orientação sexual. Com a evolução e as conquistas sociais do mundo contemporâneo, vários formatos de família são reconhecidos atualmente. Um dos avanços é a possibilidade de casais homoafetivos gerarem seus próprios filhos biológicos através dos procedimentos de reprodução assistida. Desde 2013 que o Conselho Federal de Medicina (CFM) reconhece o direito de casais homoafetivos procriarem com a ajuda dos métodos de reprodução assistida. Essa conquista veio após o Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), em 2011, ter reconhecido a união estável entre pessoas do mesmo sexo, passando a considera-la também como núcleo familiar.

No caso de casais de mulheres, a gestação compartilhada, regulamentada pelo Conselho Federal de Medicina, é uma das alternativas, que permite a participação das duas mulheres na gestação do bebê. Segundo a médica Gérsia Viana, especialista em Reprodução Humana do Cenafert – Centro de Medicina Reprodutiva, a técnica é a realizada através da Fertilização in Vitro. “ O óvulo de uma das parceiras é fecundado com o sêmen de um doador anônimo e o embrião é implantado no útero de sua parceira”, esclarece a médica.

A escolha de quem vai participar com o óvulo e quem conceberá deve ser avaliada pelo casal, criteriosamente, com a ajuda do especialista em Reprodução Humana e, em muitos casos, suporte de um psicólogo. “No caso da parceira que vai ceder os óvulos, é fundamental levar em conta a sua idade, reserva ovariana e histórico de doenças genéticas”, explica a médica Sofia Andrade, especialista em Reprodução Humana do Cenafert.

O mesmo procedimento de Fertilização in Vitro com sêmen de doador anônimo pode ser realizado com o óvulo e o útero de apenas uma das parceiras, não necessariamente com a participação física das duas. Segundo Sofia Andrade, essa técnica também é usada para monoparentalidade programada, ou seja, para mulheres solteiras que desejam realizar a chamada “produção independente”.

As mulheres também podem contar com a técnica de inseminação intrauterina (IIU) com sêmen de doador anônimo. A inseminação é uma técnica mais simples e indicada quando aparelho reprodutor da mulher que vai gerar o bebê está em boas condições. A técnica consiste na introdução do sêmen na cavidade uterina da mulher, durante seu período ovulatório, para que os espermatozoides encontrem o óvulo, possibilitando a fecundação.

“Esses procedimentos são realizados de maneira segura e com bons resultados, mas é importante ressaltar que nem sempre a gravidez acontece na primeira tentativa e que os casais devem buscar sempre clinicas especializada em medicina reprodutiva”, orientam as médicas Gérsia Viana e Sofia Andrade.

Casais homoafetivos masculinos

Para os casais homafetivos masculinos, além dos óvulos de doadora anônima, eles precisam encontrar um útero de substituição e a mulher que cederá o útero deve ser parente de até quarto grau de um dos homens, ou seja, avó, mãe, irmã, tia, prima ou sobrinha.

O casal deve decidir qual dos parceiros vai ceder os espermatozoides para que seja realizada a Fertilização in Vitro com o óvulo doado e, posteriormente, a transferência para o útero da receptora.

Em alguns casos, o casal consegue autorização do Conselho Regional de Medicina para que uma amiga, que comprove seu vínculo de amizade, possa ceder seu útero temporariamente e de boa fé, sem nenhuma remuneração, pois no Brasil é proibido que essa cessão do útero seja remunerada.

Banco de Gametas (Óvulos e Sêmen)

No Brasil, o doação de gametas (óvulos e espermatozoides) deve ser anônima, de acordo com determinação da ANVISA (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária) e do Conselho Federal de Medicina. O anonimato tem como objetivo proteger os doadores e os receptores e evitar futuros conflitos. Além disso, a doação de gametas e embriões não pode ter fins lucrativos e há um limite de idade estabelecido: 35 anos para mulheres que vão doar óvulos e 50 para homens que doarão sêmen.

No entanto, quem recorre aos Bancos de Gametas para ter filhos pode escolher características físicas, emocionais e até hábitos do doador. “É importante lembrar que os doadores voluntários passam por uma rigorosa avaliação para garantir a qualidade do sêmen e muitos, inclusive, não são aceitos, pois é feita uma triagem de doenças genéticas, Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis e outras condições que garantam a segurança da mãe e do bebê”, explica Sofia Andrade.

Sobre o Cenafert

Com sede no bairro de Ondina, em Salvador, o Cenafert – Centro de Medicina Reprodutiva, inaugurado há 19 anos, é uma clínica especializada em reprodução assistida e tem como missão garantir uma atenção integral e humanizada ao casal que sonha em ter um filho. Ao longo de sua atuação, a clínica já contabiliza mais de três mil bebês nascidos através das diversas técnicas de reprodução assistida. O laboratório de reprodução assistida do Cenafert oferece tecnologia de ponta para a realização dos procedimentos com eficácia e segurança. O casal infértil conta com o suporte de uma equipe médica multidisciplinar, experiente e qualificada, e com serviços que vão desde o atendimento de casos mais simples –  solucionados com tratamento de menor complexidade – até aqueles que exigem o emprego de técnicas avançadas no campo da reprodução assistida.

O Cenafert disponibiliza Bancos de Óvulos e de Sêmen nacionais e estrangeiros com amplo catálogo de doadores para atender aos anseios dos futuros pais. No campo da genética reprodutiva, um dos mais recentes avanços já disponível no Cenafert é o estudo genético do embrião não invasivo (sem biópsia).

A clínica, fundada e dirigida pelo ginecologista e especialista em Reprodução Humana, Joaquim Lopes, tem como sócias as médicas Gérsia Viana, Sofia Andrade e Valentina Cotrim (especialistas em medicina reprodutiva) e a embriologista Janaina Mendes Santos.

Carol Campos

102 COMENTÁRIOS

  1. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you could do with a few pics to drive the message
    home a little bit, but instead of that, this is magnificent blog.
    A great read. I’ll definitely be back.

  2. Hi there! This post could not be written any better!
    Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He continually kept preaching about this. I will forward
    this post to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have
    a very good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  3. With havin so much content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation? My website has a lot
    of exclusive content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it seems
    a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my authorization. Do you know any ways to help protect
    against content from being stolen? I’d definitely appreciate it.

    My web blog: IceBox Air Cooler

  4. І think this is one of the most important information for me.
    And i’m glad reading yօur article. Βut wanna remark on few generаl things, The website style is wonderfᥙl, the ɑrticles iiѕ really great :
    D. Good job, cheers

    Also visit mmy web-site: link ѕlot deposdit pulsa tanpa potongan [record-wiki.win]

  5. Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment (it was super
    long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and
    say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still
    new to everything. Do you have any tips for inexperienced
    blog writers? I’d really appreciate it.

    Also visit my page – IceBox Air Conditioner

  6. I enjoy you because of all your effort on this web page.

    Gloria enjoys doing investigation and it’s easy to see why.
    We notice all of the powerful medium you produce informative tactics through your web blog and even encourage response from the others about this theme plus our own simple
    princess is without a doubt starting to learn a whole lot.

    Take pleasure in the rest of the new year. You have been carrying out a pretty cool job.

    My web-site … Essential Nutrition Keto Review

  7. Hi there, I discovered your site by way of Google while searching for a similar topic,
    your web site got here up, it looks good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.[X-N-E-W-L-I-N-S-P-I-N-X]Hi there, just became alert to your blog
    through Google, and located that it is truly informative.
    I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I will be grateful in the
    event you continue this in future. Lots of people
    might be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

    Feel free to surf to my page – ViagRx Review

  8. I loved up to you will obtain carried out proper here.
    The cartoon is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get got an edginess
    over that you would like be turning in the following.
    in poor health for sure come further before once more as exactly
    the similar just about very steadily inside of
    case you shield this increase.

    Feel free to surf to my web site: Divine Dynamic Keto Reviews

  9. Have you ever considered publishing an e-book or guest authoring on other
    sites? I have a blog centered on the same ideas you discuss and
    would love to have you share some stories/information. I know
    my viewers would value your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

    Here is my web page :: New Flow XL Review

  10. Howdy I am so delighted I found your website, I really found you by mistake, while I was
    browsing on Digg for something else, Anyways I
    am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a incredible post and a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the
    minute but I have book-marked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to
    read much more, Please do keep up the fantastic work.

    Feel free to visit my homepage: Solvolt

  11. Hello ѡoluld you mind sharing which blog
    рlɑtform you’re using? I’m planning to start my own bⅼog
    in the near future but I’m hаving a tough time choosing beteen ΒlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason І ask is because your design and style seems
    different then m᧐st blogs and I’m looking for somеthing completely uniqսe.
    P.S My ɑpologies foor getting off-topic but I had to ask!

    My web-ѕite: vintage band t-shirts

  12. Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be
    on the net the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you,
    I certainly get annoyed while people consider worries that they plainly don’t
    know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top
    and defined out the whole thing without having side effect ,
    people can take a signal. Will probably be back
    to get more. Thanks

    my web-site – Slimingo Keto Review

  13. I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the page layout of
    your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so
    people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two images.
    Maybe you could space it out better?

    Feel free to surf to my blog :: MaxBrute Reviews

  14. Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube
    sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and she has 83 views.
    I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it
    with someone!

    Feel free to visit my blog; Max Brute Review

  15. When I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments
    are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is added I get
    four emails with the same comment. Perhaps there is a means you are able
    to remove me from that service? Cheers!

    Here is my webpage Francesco

  16. Do you have a spam problem on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about
    your situation; many of us have developed some nice
    procedures and we are looking to swap methods with other folks, please shoot me an e-mail if interested.

    Feel free to visit my web site; 159.203.199.234

  17. Wonderful blog! Do you have any tips for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.

    Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option?
    There are so many choices out there that I’m completely confused ..
    Any ideas? Bless you!

    Also visit my webpage; Herbivore CBD

  18. I am just writing to make you know of the nice encounter my princess had studying your
    blog. She noticed several things, which included how it is like
    to have an ideal helping style to make men and women really easily fully grasp selected advanced topics.
    You truly exceeded my expected results.
    Thank you for presenting such interesting, trustworthy, explanatory and even fun guidance
    on that topic to Lizeth.

    My webpage Carlota

  19. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one
    and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam feedback?
    If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything
    you can suggest? I get so much lately it’s driving me
    mad so any help is very much appreciated.

    Also visit my website: Slimingo

  20. hello!,I really like your writing so much! percentage we be in contact extra
    approximately your post on AOL? I require an expert in this space to solve my problem.
    Maybe that’s you! Taking a look ahead to look you.

    Here is my site … Stella

  21. I wanted to post you the tiny note so as to thank you as before
    for the striking methods you’ve shared on this site.
    It’s quite surprisingly generous of you to make without restraint precisely what
    some people would’ve marketed as an e-book in order to make some money for their own end, specifically now that you could have tried it if you ever considered necessary.
    Those tactics also served to become easy way to be aware that some people have similar
    dreams similar to my very own to see a whole lot more
    in respect of this condition. I’m certain there are many more enjoyable moments ahead for those who examine your blog post.

    My web-site :: Gaia’s Choice CBD Isolate

  22. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared
    to be on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked while people consider worries that they plainly don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined
    out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal.
    Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

    My page … Slimingo Keto Pills

  23. Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo
    News. Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
    Appreciate it

  24. What i don’t understood is if truth be told how you are no longer really much
    more smartly-liked than you might be now. You’re so intelligent.
    You know therefore significantly in relation to this matter,
    produced me individually consider it from so many
    various angles. Its like men and women aren’t fascinated unless it’s one
    thing to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs nice.

    Always take care of it up!

    My webpage :: 360X CBD

  25. I really wanted to write down a word to thank you for those
    pleasant tips and tricks you are giving at this website.
    My rather long internet investigation has finally been compensated with sensible insight to go over with my friends and classmates.
    I would say that many of us website visitors are very much fortunate
    to live in a notable community with many outstanding
    people with beneficial pointers. I feel truly lucky to have seen your website
    and look forward to many more entertaining minutes
    reading here. Thanks a lot once again for all the details.

    Also visit my webpage … Frio Breeze (http://www.comptine.biz/)

  26. You actually make it seem so easy with your
    presentation but I find this matter to be really something which
    I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me.
    I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

    Feel free to visit my web blog … UltraCut Keto

  27. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude!
    Many thanks, However I am experiencing difficulties with your
    RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I can’t join it.

    Is there anybody else getting the same RSS problems?
    Anyone who knows the solution will you kindly respond?
    Thanks!!

    Also visit my homepage … walnut.ut.ac.ir

DEIXE UMA RESPOSTA

Digite seu comentário!
Digite seu nome aqui